See Verse / Commentary

John

Six days before the Passover season began, Jesus came to Bethany where Lazarus was, the one he had resurrected from death. So they gave a dinner party for him there, and Martha was serving them. Lazarus was one of those reclining at the table with him. Then Mary took a pound of costly perfumed oil and she anointed Jesus’ feet and wiped them with her hair. And the house was filled with the fragrance of the oil. Then one of the disciples, Judas Iscariot (who was about to betray Jesus) said, “This fragrant oil should have been sold for 300 denarii and given to the poor.” He said this not because he cared about the poor but because he was a thief. He was in charge of the money bag and used to steal part of what was put in it. Jesus answered, “Leave her alone. She has kept this for my burial day. You will always have the poor with you, but you will not always have me with you.” Then a large crowd of the Jews learned that Jesus was there. They came not only to see Jesus, but also to see Lazarus, the one he had resurrected from death. Therefore the chief priests decided also to kill Lazarus, because he was the main reason many of the Jews were deserting them in order to give their loyalty to Jesus. The next day a large crowd which had come to the festival heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, and gathered some palm branches and went out to meet him. They kept shouting: “Hosanna! Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord God — the King of Israel.” Jesus found a young donkey and mounted it, just as it is written, “Do not be afraid any more, daughter Zion. Look, your King is coming mounted on the donkey’s colt.” The disciples did not at first understand these things. However when Jesus was later glorified, then they remembered that these words had been written about him, and that they had done these things to him. Meanwhile the crowd, who had been with him when he called Lazarus out of the tomb and resurrected him from death, continued to give their testimony. This is also why the crowd came to meet him, because they had heard that he had performed this miraculous sign. Then the Pharisees said to one another, “You see? You have achieved nothing. The whole world is following him!” Now there were some Greeks among the people who went up to worship at the festival. So they came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, and they requested of him, “Sir, we want to see Jesus.” Philip went and told Andrew. Then Andrew and Philip went and told Jesus. Jesus replied to them, “The time has come now for the Son to be glorified. I tell you on the highest authority: Unless a grain of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains by itself. But if it dies it produces a large crop. The person who loves his own life will lose it, and the person who hates his life in this evil world-system will keep it for the Life of the Age to Come. If anyone serves me he must follow me. Where I am, there my servant will be also. If anyone serves me, the Father will honor him. “Now I am experiencing deep distress. What should I say: Father, rescue me from this hour of crisis? But for this purpose I came to this hour. Father, glorify your name.” Then a voice was heard from heaven: “I have glorified it and I am going to glorify it again!” The crowd standing there heard the voice and said it sounded like thunder. Others said, “An angel must have spoken to him.” Jesus replied, “This voice did not come for my benefit but for you. Now the judgment of this evil world-system has come. Now the ruler of this world-system is going to be thrown out. As for me, when I am lifted up from the earth, I will draw all people to myself.” He said this in order to signify what kind of death he was about to die. So then the crowd replied to him, “We have heard from the Law that the Messiah is going to remain forever. So what do you mean when you say, ‘The Son of Man has to be lifted up’? Who is this Son of Man?” Jesus replied, “The Light will be with you only a little longer. Walk while you still have the Light, so that darkness does not overcome you. The person who walks in darkness does not know where he is going. While you still have the Light, believe in the Light so that you may become children of light.” When he had said this, Jesus went away and hid himself from them. Even though Jesus had performed so many symbolic miracles in their presence, they still refused to believe in him. And this was a fulfillment of the word of Isaiah the prophet who said: “Lord, who has believed our Gospel message? And who has the arm of the Lord been revealed to?” And this is why they were unable to believe, because Isaiah also said, “God has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, so that they would not see with their eyes nor understand with their hearts, and be converted, and I would heal them.” Isaiah said these things because he saw Messiah’s glory and spoke about him. Nevertheless many of them did believe in him even among the rulers in the Sanhedrin, but because of the Pharisees they were afraid to confess him openly, so that they would not be banned from the synagogue. They loved praise from people more than praise from God. Then Jesus called out, “The person who believes in me does not believe in me, but in the One who commissioned me. And the one who sees and understands me sees and understands Him who commissioned me. I was born into the world as a light, so that everyone who believes in me would not remain in darkness. If someone hears my words and does not obey them, I do not judge him. For I did not come to judge the world, but to save the world. The person who rejects me and refuses to accept my teachings has this as his judge: the Gospel-word I have spoken will judge him on the last day of this age. For I have not spoken on my own initiative, but the Father Himself who commissioned me has given me a command as to what I should say and what I should speak. And I know that His command means Life in the Coming Age. So the things I speak I speak just as the Father instructed me.”

John